‘All authentic art is conceived at a sacred moment and nourished in a blessed hour; an inner impulse creates it, often without the artist being aware of it’. So sayeth the King of Gothic gloom, Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840).

The Abbey in the Oakwood, (1808–1810).
Self portrait, (1800).

Caspar David Friedrich was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation. He is best known for his mid-period allegorical landscapes which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees or Gothic or megalithic ruins.


His primary interest as an artist was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey a subjective, emotional response to the natural world. Friedrich’s paintings characteristically set a human presence in diminished perspective amid expansive landscapes, reducing the figures to a scale that, according to the art historian Christopher John Murray, directs “the viewer’s gaze towards their metaphysical dimension”.

Memorial Monument to Goethe, (1835).
Seashore in the moonlight, (1835).
Meeresstrand Im Nebel, (1807).
Moonrise over the sea, (1819).
Greifswald in the moonlight, (1816-1817).
Sunset, (1830).
Night in harbor, (1818).
Moonrise over the Sea, (1822).
Marshy Beach, (1832).
The Stages of Life, (1835).
Cross in the Mountains (Tetschen Altar), (1808).
In Remembrance of Johann Emanuel Bermer, (1817).
Woman before the setting sun, undated.
The Cross In The Mountains, undated.
Kügelgen’s grave, (c. 1821-1822).
The morning – daytime cycle. Undated.
The noon – daytime cycle. Undated.
The afternoon – daytime cycle. Undated
The evening – daytime cycle. Undated.
Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon, (c. 1824).
Rock landscape in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, (1822-1823).
Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon, (c. 1824).
The Cemetery, undated.
View over the Elbe valley, (1807).
Cairn in Snow, (1807).
Graveyard under Snow, (1826).
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840).
By Franz Gerhard vonKugelgen, (1772-1820). (c.1808).
Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, (1818).

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